Glute Muscle Anatomy

The Gluteus Maximus is one of the largest and strongest muscles in the body.

Gluteus Maximus Muscle Anatomy
Anatomy Chart courtesy of FCIT

The Gluteus Maximus originates along the pelvic bone crests and attaches to the rear of the femur.

Shown in the second diagram are the Gluteus Medius and Minimus, which lie directly underneath the Gluteus Maximus.

Gluteus Medius and Gluteus Miniumus Muscle Anatomy
Anatomy Chart courtesy of FCIT

The Gluteus Medius and Minimus originate in the same spot as the Maximus (along the pelvic bone crests) but attach to the side of the femur.

The Iliotibial Band is made only of connective tissue. This band serves to transfer the force of abduction (moving the leg away from the centerline of the body) to the leg.


Functions of the Glute Muscles

The primary function of the Gluteus Maximus is hip extension (moving the thigh to the rear).

The Gluteus Medius and Minimus serve to abduct (move away from the centerline of the body) the leg.


Glute Exercises

Exercises that work the Glutes include:

  • Leg press
  • Deadlifts
  • Lying glute push-ups
  • Abductions


Visit the Glute Exercise Index for more movements to work your gluteus maximus, medius and minimus.



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